HETF-Related Publications


  • Bateman, J.B, P.M. Vitousek, and S. Fendorf, submitted. Climatic controls on Fe/Al solid phase dynamics and organic matter stabilization in volcanic soils. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017AGUFM.B41F2022B/abstract
  • Giardina, C.P. Advancing Our Understanding of Woody Debris in Tropical Forests. Ecosystems 22, 1173–1175 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-019-00381-x
  • Kennedy, S.R., Prost, S., Overcast, I. et al. High-throughput sequencing for community analysis: the promise of DNA barcoding to uncover diversity, relatedness, abundances and interactions in spider communities. Dev Genes Evol230, 185–201 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00427-020-00652-x
  • Litton, CM, Giardina, CP,  Freeman, KR, et al..  2020. Impact of Mean Annual Temperature on Nutrient Availability in a Tropical Montane Wet Forest. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2020.00784/full 
  • Montoya-Aiona, K. M., F. A. Calderon, S. P. Casler, et al. 2020. Hawaii Island, Hawaiian hoary bat roosting ecology and detection 2018-2019. U.S. Geological Survey data release, https://doi.org/10.5066/P9R95UYT.
  • Pierre, S, Litton, CM, Giardina, CP, Sparks, JP, Fahey, TJ. 2020. Mean annual temperature influences local fine root proliferation and arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization in a tropical wet forest. Ecology and  Evolution.; 00: 1– 12. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6561


  • Bateman, J.B., O.A. Chadwick, and P.M. Vitousek. 2019. Quantitative analysis of pedogenic thresholds and domains in volcanic soils. Ecosystems DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-019-00361-1
  • Craven, D. Knight, T. Barton, KE. Murphy, et al. 2019. OpenNahele: the open Hawaiian forest plot database. Biodiversity Data Journal: (6), e28406. doi:10.3897/BDJ.6.e28406.
  • Delgado-Baquerizo, M., R. D. Bardgett, P. Vitousek, et al. 2019. The fate of belowground diversity during pedogenesis. PNAS: https://doi.org/10.1073/PNAS.1818400116.
  • Duncan N. L. Menge, Ryan A. Chisholm, Stuart J. Davies, et al. 2019. Nitrogen-fixing trees are rare in the Asian tropics compared with the Neotropics. Journal of Ecology; 00: 1– 13. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13199.
  • Ibanez, Thomas; Keppel, Gunnar; Baider, Cláudia et al. 2019. Regional forcing explains local species diversity and turnover on tropical islands. Global Ecology and Biogeography. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12712.
  • Medeiros, C; Scoffoni, C; John, G; Bartlett, M; Inman-Narahari, F; Ostertag, R; Cordell, S; Giardina, C; Sack, L. 2019. An extensive suite of functional traits distinguishes wet and dry Hawaiian forests and enables prediction of species vital rates. Functional Ecology, 33: 712-734. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13229.


  • Gillett, C.P.D.T., I. Pulakkatu-thodi, and D. Rubinoff. (Accepted) Rediscovery of an enigmatic bark beetle endemic to the Hawaiian Islands (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Coleopterists Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1649/0010-065X-72.4.811.
  • Ibanez, Thomas; Keppel, Gunnar; Baider, Cláudia; et al. Regional forcing explains local species diversity and turnover on tropical islands. In press. Global Ecology and Biogeography. SC. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12712.
  • LaManna, JA, Scott A. Mangan, Alfonso Alonso, et al. 2017.  Negative Density Dependence Contributes to Global Patterns of Plant Biodiversity. Science 356:1389-1392 SC. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aam5678.


  • LaManna, Joseph A.; Mangan, Scott A.; Alonso, Alfonso et al. 2017. Plant diversity increases with the strength of negative density dependence at the global scale. Science. 356(6345): 1389-1392. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aam5678.


  • Cordell, S., Questad, E. J., Asner, G. P., et al. 2016. Remote sensing for restoration planning: how the big picture can inform stakeholders. Restoration Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.12448
  • Inman‐Narahari, F., Ostertag, R., Hubbell, S. P, et al. 2016. Density‐dependent seedling mortality varies with light availability and species abundance in wet and dry Hawaiian forests. The Journal of Ecology, 104(3), 773-780. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12553
  • King, E. K., Thompson, A., Chadwick, O. A., & Pett-Ridge, J. C. 2016. Molybdenum sources and isotopic composition during early stages of pedogenesis along a basaltic climate transect. Chemical Geology445, 54-67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2016.01.024
  • Miyazawa, Y., Dudley, B. D., Hughes, R. F., V et al. 2016. Non‐native tree in a dry coastal area in Hawai’i has high transpiration but restricts water use despite phreatophytic trait. Ecohydrology9(7), 1166-1176. https://doi.org/10.1002/eco.1715
  • Ritzenthaler, C.A., Litton, C.M., Giardina, C.P. and Pelini, S.L. 2016. Soil moisture and millipede abundance are more important drivers of macroinvertebrate diversity than temperature in Hawaiian forest. Integrative and Comparative Biology 56: E357. https://sicb.org/abstracts/soil-moisture-and-millipede-abundance-are-more-important-drivers-of-macroinvertebrate-diversity-than-temperature-in-hawaiian-forest/
  • Rominger, A. J., K. R. Goodman, J. Y. Lim, et al. 2016. Community assembly on isolated islands: macroecology meets evolution. Global Ecology and Biogeography25(7), 769-780. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12341
  • Selmants, P. C., Adair, K. L., Litton, C. M., Giardina, C. P., & Schwartz, E. 2016. Increases in mean annual temperature do not alter soil bacterial community structure in tropical montane wet forests. Ecosphere7(4). https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.1296
  • Vance, D., A. Matthews, A. Keech, C. Archer, G. Hudson, J. Pett-Ridge and O.A. Chadwick. 2016. The behaviour of Cu and Zn isotopes during weathering and soil development. Chemical Geology, 445: 36-53. 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2016.06.002


  • Anderson-Teixeira, K. J., Davies, S. J., Bennett, A. C. et al. 2015. CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change. Global Change Biology. 2014, doi: 10.1111/gcb.12712.
  • Bern, C. R., Chadwick, O. A., Kendall, C., & Pribil, M. J. 2015. Steep spatial gradients of volcanic and marine sulfur in Hawaiian rainfall and ecosystems. Science of the Total Environment514, 250-260. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.02.001
  • Janas, D.G, A. Uowolo, S. Brooks, et al. 2015. Hawaiian native plant propagation resource. http://www.cpp.edu/~ejquestad/hawaiipropguide/home.html
  • Sakihara, T. S., Dudley, B. D., MacKenzie, R. A., & Beets, J. P. 2015. Endemic grazers control benthic microalgal growth in a eutrophic tropical brackish ecosystem. Marine Ecology Progress Series519, 29-45. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps11099


  • Anderson-Teixeira, Kristina J., et al. CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change. Global Change Biology (2014), doi: 10.1111/gcb.12712.
  • Bothwell et al. (2014), Leaf litter decomposition rates increase with rising mean annual temperature in Hawaiian tropical montane wet forests. PeerJ 2:e685; DOI 10.7717/peerj.685
  • Broadbent, E. N., A. M. Almeyda Zambrano, G. P. Asner, et al. 2014. Linking rainforest ecophysiology and microclimate through fusion of airborne LiDAR and hyperspectral imagery. Ecosphere 5(5):57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES13-00255.1
  • Cavaleri MA, Ostertag R, Cordell S, Sack L (2014) Native trees show conservative water use relative to invasive trees: results from a removal experiment in a Hawaiian wet forest. Conservation Physiology 2: doi:10.1093/conphys/cou016.
  • Cleveland, C.C., S. Reed, A. Keller, et al. 2013. Litter quality versus microbial community controls over decomposition: a quantitative analysis. Oecologia 10.1007/s00442-013-2758-9%T
  • Cram, D., Cordell, S., Giardina, C., et al. 2013. Fire and Drought in Paradise – Say It Isn’t So, Smokey. Rural Connections. 7:19-22. https://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/44840
  • Giardina, Christian P., Creighton M. Litton, et al. Warming-related increases in soil CO2 eux are explained by increased below-ground carbon flux. Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, 2014. http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nclimate2322
  • Mascaro, J., Litton, C.M., Hughes, R.F., Uowolo, A., Schnitzer, S.A. 2014. Is logarithmic transformation necessary in allometry? Ten, one-hundred, one-thousand-times yes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 111:230-233. https://doi.org/10.1111/bij.12177
  • Ostertag R, Inman-Narahari F, Cordell S, Giardina CP, Sack L (2014) Forest Structure in Low-Diversity Tropical Forests: A Study of Hawaiian Wet and Dry Forests. PLoS ONE 9(8): e103268. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103268
  • Questad, E., Kellner, J.R., Kinney, K, et al. 2014. Ecological Applications. Mapping habitat suitability for at-risk plants and its implications for restoration and reintroduction. 24:385-395. https://doi.org/10.1890/13-0775.1
  • Questad, Erin J. et al. Mapping habitat suitability for at-risk plant species and its implications for restoration and reintroduction. Ecological Applications, 24(2), 2014, pp. 385-395. DOI: 10.1890/13-0775.1
  • Schulten, Jodie R., T. Colleen Cole , Susan Cordell , et al. Michaud. Persistence of Native Trees in an Invaded Hawaiian Lowland Wet Forest: Experimental Evaluation of Light and Water Constraints. Pacific Science 68(2):267-285. 2014. https://doi.org/10.2984/68.2.7
  • Selmants, Paul C., Creighton M. Litton, Christian P. Giardina and Gregory P. Asner. Ecosystem carbon storage does not vary with mean annual temperature in Hawaiian tropical montane wet forests. Global Change Biology (2014), doi: 10.1111/gcb.12636
  • Strauch, Ayron M., Richard A. Mackenzie, Gregory L. Bruland, et al. Climate Change and Land Use Drivers of Fecal Bacteria in Tropical Hawaiian Rivers. Journal of Environmental Quality (2014), pp. 1475-1483. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2014.01.0025


  • Chynoweth, M.W., C.M. Litton, C.A. Lepczyk, et al. Biology and Impacts of Pacific Island Invasive Species. Capra hircus, the Feral Goat, (Mammalia: Bovidae). Pacific Science. https://doi.org/10.2984/67.2.1
  • Croucher, P.J.P., Oxford, G.S., Lam, A., et al. 2012. Colonization history and population genetics of the exuberantly color polymorphic Hawaiian happy-face spider Theridion grallator (Araneae, Theridiidae). Evolution 66: 2815-2833. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01653.x
  • Inman-Narahari, Faith, Rebecca Ostertag, Susan Cordell, et al. 2013. Seedling recruitment factors in low-diversity Hawaiian wet forest: towards global comparisons among tropical forests. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES12-00164.1.
  • Iwashita, D.K., Litton, C.M., Giardina, C.P. 2013. Coarse woody debris carbon storage across a mean annual temperature gradient in tropical montane wet forest. Forest Ecology and Management 291:336-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.11.043
  • Murphy-Winters, M., Inman-Narahari, F., Ostertag, R., Litton, C.M. 2013. Invasive feral pigs reduce tree fern growth and survival in a native-dominated Hawaiian montane wet forest. Biological Invasions 16:63-71; DOI 10.1007/s10530-013-0503-2. DOI 10.1007/s10530-013-0503-2
  • Tango LKK, Hughes RF, Hiraoka K, Murphy M, Cantan A. 2012. Recruitment of the dominant native Hawaiian tree, Metrosideros polymorpha, limited by alien invaders. Paper, Ecological Society of America in Portland, OR (08/06/2012). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/267291970
  • Vitousek, Peter M., and Oliver A. Chadwick. 2013. “Pedogenic Thresholds and Soil Process Domains in Basalt-Derived Soils.” Ecosystems 16.8: 1379-395. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-013-9690-z


  • Thaxton, J.M., Cordell, S., Cabin, R.J., Sandquist, D.R. In press Non-native grass Pennisetum setaceum decreases water availability and seedling performance during Hawaiian dry forest restoration. Restoration Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-100X.2011.00793.x
  • Kellner, J.R. Asner, G.P., Ambagis, S., Cordell, S., Thaxton, J, Kinney, K.M., Kennedy-Bowdoin, T., Knapp, T., Questad, T. In press Potential and limitations of historical aerial photography to quantify vegetation dynamics in a tropical dry forest in Hawaii. Pacific Science. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/632955


  •  Asner, Gregory P et al. “High-resolution carbon mapping on the million-hectare Island of Hawaii.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9, no. 8 (2011): 434-439. doi: 10.1890/100179.
  • Benner, J., P.M. Vitousek, and R. Ostertag. “Nutrient cycling in tropical montane cloud forest”. p 90-100. In Bruijnzeel, L.A., L. Hamilton, and F. Scatena (eds.), Tropical Montane Cloud Forests. Cambridge University Press, 2010. DOI:10.1017/CBO9780511778384.009
  • Kellner, J. R., G. P. Asner, P. M. Vitousek, et al. “Dependence of forest structure and dynamics on substrate age and ecosystem development”. Ecosystems (2011). DOI: 10.1007/s10021-011-9472-4.
  • Reed, S. C., A. R. Townsend, P. G. Taylor and C. C. Cleveland. “Phosphrous Cycling in Tropical Forests Growing on Highly Weathered Soil”. In: Phosphrous in Action – Biological Processes in Soil Phosphrous Cycling. Soil Biology Volume 100, Part 3 (2011): 339-369, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-15271-9_14.
  • Reed, S.C., P.M. Vitousek, and C.C. Cleveland. “Nutrient limitation in terrestrial ecosystems: are belowground patterns consistent with those aboveground?” Biogeochemistry (2010). DOI: 10.1007/s10533-010-9522-6
  • Vitousek, P.M., C.M. D’Antonio, and G.P. Asner. “Invasions and ecosystems: vulnerabilities and the contribution of new technologies”. p. 277-288, in Richardson, D.M. (editor), Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology: The Legacy of Charles Elton. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, 2011. https://asu.pure.elsevier.com/en/publications/invasions-and-ecosystems-vulnerabilities-and-the-contribution-of-


  •  Bern, C. R., M. A. Brzezinski, C. Beucher, et al. Weathering, dust, and biocycling effects on soil silicon isotope ratios. 2010. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74: 876-889. 10.1016/j.gca.2009.10.046 
  • Bonaccorso, Frank. Ope`ape`a: Solving the puzzles of Hawai`i’s only bat. 2010. Bats 28(4): 10-12. https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70041594
  • Cordell, S., Asner, G.P., Thaxton, J. The Potential for Restoration to Break the Grass/Fire Cycle in Dryland Ecosystems in Hawai`i. SERDP 2009 Annual Report. Submitted February 1, 2010. https://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/fseprd516186.pdf
  • Giardina, C. 2008. Forests. Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change. Sage Publications, Inc, 1552 p. (Invited; Refereed).
  • Giardina, C. 2008. Gross Primary Production. Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change. Sage Publications, Inc, 1552 p. (Invited; Refereed).
  • Giardina, C. 2008. Soil Organic Carbon. Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change. Sage Publications, Inc, 1552 p. (Invited; Refereed).
  • Inman-Narahari, F., Giardina, C., Ostertag, R., et al. 2010. Digital data collection in forest plots. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 1: 274-279. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210X.2010.00034.x
  • Kinney, K.M., Kellner, J.R., Selvig, M., et al. 2010. An Eye on Restoration: New Remote Sensing Approaches that Change the Way We See Dryland Ecosystem Restoration in Hawai`i. Environmental Management Publication. Volume 49, pg 4-5.
  • Litton, C.M., Giardina, C.P., 2008. Below-ground carbon flux and partitioning: Global patterns and response to temperature. Functional Ecology 22, 941-954. https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/39701
  • Litton, C.M., Kauffman, J.B., 2008. Allometric models for predicting aboveground biomass in two widespread woody plants in Hawaii. Biotropica 40, 313-320. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7429.2007.00383.x
  • Mikutta, R., K. Kaiser, N. Dorr, A. et al. Mineralogical impact on organic nitrogen across long-term soil chronosequence (0.3-4100 kyr). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74: 2142-2164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2010.01.006
  • Peltzer, Duane A., David A. Wardle, Victoria J. Allison, et al. 2010. Understanding ecosystem retrogression. Ecological Monographs 80: 509-529. https://doi.org/10.1890/09-1552.1
  • Ryan, M. G., M. E. Harmon, R. A. Birdsey, et al. 2010. A Synthesis of the Science on Forests and Carbon for US Forests. Issues in Ecology, Report Number 13. https://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_other/rmrs_2010_ryan_m002.pdf
  • Sack, L. Inman-Narahari, F., Cordell, S., Giardina, C., and Ostertag, B. 2010. Forest Dynamics Plots Established in Hawai`i to Track Tree Regeneration Patterns and Climate Change Responses. UCLA Institute of the Environment, Center for Tropical Science Newsletter. http://www.ioe.ucla.edu/ctr/news/article.asp?parentID=6406
  • Vitousek, P. M., M. A. Tweiten, J. Kellner, et al. 2010. Top-down analysis of forest structure and biogeochemistry across Hawaiian landscapes. Pacific Science 64: 359-366. DOI:10.2984/64.3.359


  • Chadwick, O.A., L.A. Derry, C.R. Bern, and P.M. Vitousek. Sources of strontium to soil minerals and ecosystems across the Hawaiian Islands. Chemical Geology doi:10.1016/jchemgeo.2009.01.009.
  • Giambelluca, T.W., R.E. Martin, G.P. Asner, et al. Evapotranspiration and energy balance of native wet montane cloud forest in Hawaii. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 149:230-243. https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/744515
  • Kellner, J.R., and G.P. Asner. Convergent structural responses of tropical forests to diverse disturbance regimes. Ecology Letters 12: 887-897. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19614757/
  • Martin, R.E., and G.P. Asner. 2009. Leaf biochemical and optical properties of Metrosideros polymorpha across environmental gradients in Hawai’i. Biotropica 41(3):292-301. https://www.jstor.org/stable/20492567
  • Vitousek, P.M., G.P. Asner, O.A. Chadwick, and S.C. Hotchkiss. Landscape-level variation in forest structure and biogeochemistry across a substrate age gradient in Hawai`i. Ecology 90:3074-3086. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19967863/
  • Wardle, D.A., R.D. Bardgett, L.R. Walker, and K.I. Bonner. Among- and within-species variation in plant litter decomposition in contrasting long-term chronosequences. Functional Ecology 23: 442-453. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2435.2008.01513.x